They are sometimes found in the twilight zones of West Virginia caves (Petranka 1998). The background color is brownish black to black and flecked with a varying amount of fine silvery white to golden specks. They can be found under rocks, logs, and other surface cover along ravines and mountain slopes (Petranka 1998). Deciduous or mixed hardwood-conifer forest on hillsides and ridges or valley floors, near valley streams. Valley and Ridge Salamander (Plethodon hoffmani) Shenandoah Mountain Salamander (Plethodon virginia) These sibling species resemble ravine salamanders but are found east of the Allegheny Mountains. They probably mate in the spring and deposit eggs in April and May. Shenandoah Mountain Salamanders occur on Shenandoah Mountain in Pendleton, Hardy, Hampshire, and Grant counties. They also occur to the west in the adjacent Appalachian Plateau Physiographic Province and to the east in the adjacent Blue Ridge Physiographic Province (Highton, 1986c; Petranka, 1998). Redbacks and Valley & Ridge Salamanders share nearby habitat here. Genus Species Family Common name in English Common name in other languages; Ambystoma: Altamirani: Ambystomatidae : Ambystoma: Amblycephalum: Ambystomatidae : Ambystoma: Andersoni: Ambystomatidae : Achoque (local Mexican name) Ambystoma: Annulatum: … The belly is dark with white mottling. This range map was created by attributing sub-watershed polygons with information of a species' presence, origin, seasonal and reproductive use. Please contribute your … Petranka, James W. ,1998. The background color is usually dark brown to black with small gold or silver flecks. This dataset represents a species known range extent for Valley And Ridge Salamander (Plethodon hoffmani) within the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on 2001 ground conditions. Valley and Ridge Salamander; Redback Salamander (lead-phased) Adult Gallery: Juvenile Gallery: References: Hulse, C. and McCoy C. J. and Ellen Censky ,1998. The underside and throat are brownish black to black with finely mottled white spots that give the ventral a grey appearance. Salamanders of the United States and Canada. An empty cell means there is no common name available for that species. Small, thin and elongate species. Deep brown with small scattered white spots and brassy flecks. Scientific Name: Plethodon hoffmani. The belly is dark with white mottling. Deep brown with small scattered white spots and brassy flecks. The Google map tries to place this in Indiana County but pretty sure the location is in Armstrong County very near the county lines.

Etymology: Genus: plethore is Greek meaning "fullness or full of", odon is Greek for "teeth". Amphibians and Reptiles of Pennsylvania and the Northeast.

The throat of this species is whitish and the belly shows more light mottling than its close relative Plethodon richmondi.

Literature Cited. Valley and Ridge Salamanders are found from Summers and Monroe counties north through the eastern panhandle. Valley and Ridge Salamander (Plethodon hoffmani) Small and slender, with the tail comprising 50% or more of the total length. Appearance: Small and slender, with the tail comprising 50% or more of the total length.

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