El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America yet the most densely populated. Historians debate the origins of the first inhabitants of El Salvador. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 50,204 people. El Salvador - El Salvador - The colonial period: The Spanish conquest and colonization of El Salvador began in 1524 with the arrival of an expedition from Guatemala led by Pedro de Alvarado. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Historical Archive: Final 17ª Avenida Norte, Plan Maestro Centro de Gobierno, Anexo “B” Edificio Número 2.

See also El Salvador: A Brief History, a booklet by David Iles available for free download.. Indigenous Population. El Salvador City "The city serves as a pilgrimage site for Divine Mercy devotees, that is why it is also called the City of the Saviour, City of Mercy, and the Divine Mercy City of the Philippines." In 1821, El Salvador and the other Central American provinces declared their independence from Spain. El Salvador declared itself an independent republic in 1839, although the next several decades were marked by frequent revolutions. In 1823, the United Provinces of Central America was formed of the five Central American states under Gen. Manuel Jose Arce. El Salvador's early history as an independent state -- as with others in Central America -- was marked by frequent revolutions; not until the period 1900-30 was relative stability achieved. View Our Tourism Hall Geographical and historical treatment of El Salvador, the smallest and most densely populated of the seven Central American countries. Infoplease has everything you need to know about El Salvador. Most obvious was the military’s loss of the monopoly it had held on the direct exercise of governmental authority for nearly 50 years. In 1821, El Salvador and the other Central American provinces declared their independence from Spain.

Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. A stagnant economy, high levels of crime and violence, and natural disasters have pushed growing numbers of people to migrate without authorization or seek asylum abroad, mostly in the United States.

Traditionally it was an agricultural country, heavily dependent upon coffee exports, but by the end of the 20th century its service sector had come to dominate the economy.
Alvarado’s troops met determined opposition from a Nahua tribe, the Pipil, that occupied much of the region west of the Lempa River.

Check out our country profile, full of essential information about El Salvador's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages.

El Salvador - El Salvador - Civil war: Shortly after General Romero’s ouster, the country was plunged into a civil war that would last for the next 12 years.

History of El Salvador. San Salvador. There were other significant consequences to be noted. El Salvador declared itself an independent republic in 1839, although the next several decades were marked by frequent revolutions. A coup installed Gen. Maximiliano Hernández Martínez as president in December 1931 and initiated a succession of military governments that controlled the country through 1979. The U.S. government releases a report detailing how the “insurgency in El Salvador has been progressively transformed into a textbook case of indirect armed aggression by communist powers.” This article explores historical and contemporary emigration from El Salvador. In 1823, the United Provinces of Central America was formed of the five Central American states under Gen. Manuel Jose Arce. National Archives: Palacio Nacional, Centro Histórico, Avenida Cuscatlán San Salvador. Below is a brief overview of Salvadoran history up until the late 20th century.


Summary. Summary. El Salvador - El Salvador - Military dictatorships: The coffee barons’ direct control of the presidency ultimately came to an end as a consequence of the Great Depression, which began in 1929. The Economist describes El Salvador as a “flawed democracy,” and ranks it number 60 on its “democracy index,” ahead of Mexico and Singapore. In 1824, the Mayor's Office of Sonsonate and the Intendency of San Salvador … El Salvador (/ ɛ l ˈ s æ l v ə d ɔːr / ; Spanish: [el salβaˈðoɾ] ), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. History. The economic elite ruled the country in conjunction with the military, and the power structure was controlled by a relatively small number of wealthy landowners, known as the 14 Families.

El Salvador: a country ruled by gangs – a photo essay Members of the La 18 gang share a cell in the penal centre of Quezaltepeque. Politics of El Salvador takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of El Salvador is both head of state and head of government, and of an executive power is exercised by the government.


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