A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms. Geography and Climate of El Salvador With an area of just 8,124 square miles (21,041 sq km), El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America.

GEOGRAPHY. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: Much of El Salvador's history since then has been marred by civil war and unrest. El Salvador Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Salvadoran Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System El Salvador is bounded by Honduras to the north and east, by the Pacific Ocean to the south, and by Guatemala to the northwest. View Images Known as the "land of volcanoes," El Salvador has … No claims are made regarding the accuracy of El Salvador Geography 2020 information contained here. Civil war in the 1980s tore the country apart and many people died. Geography curriculum resources . Geologically, El Salvador rests atop one of the most active tectonic plates, resulting in a high frequency of earthquakes and volcanoes. The country has suffered a long history of earthquakes, consequential in the recorded destruction of the capital city in 1756, 1854, 1919, 1982, 1986, and more recently, in 2001. Its territory is situated wholly on the western side of the isthmus, and it is therefore the only Central American country that lacks a Caribbean coast. El Salvador is a mountainous country with two parallel ranges bordering a central plateau. The United States established diplomatic relations with El Salvador in 1863 following its independence from Spain and the later dissolution of a federation of Central American states. The country is the smallest in Central America and uniquely within the region, it has no Caribbean coastline. The main geographic features of El Salvador are relevant data about the way in which is located the national territory, which is basically characterized by located in Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. U.S.-EL SALVADOR RELATIONS. In 1992 peace was made with the rebels and some level of democracy was established. In the south, the land lowers into a coastal plain and a scattered chain of more than 20 volcanoes stretches across the land from west to east; some are still active but major eruptions are rare. El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America and is smaller than the state of Massachusetts. Watch these 12 films about life in El Salvador, and order your free photo cards and activity pack.

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